Web Design and Website Development

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Style and Design

7 Sisters Productions Offers tips on good web design.

Color Theory Notes on visual interaction and design.

DocB's WebDesign Clinic A guide to web site design, with an emphasis on usability and effectiveness.

Hypertext Gardens A whimsical essay on unpredictability in hypertext design.

Hypertext Style: Cool URIs Don't Change Tries to explain why are there so many dangling links in the world.

Soulbath Experimental website all in gray, a self-declared exhibition of antibanners.

Top Ten Mistakes in Web Design A classic article by Jakob Nielsen.

UI Patterns User interface design pattern library and screen shot collection.

Web Design From Scratch A guide on essential skills for designing effective web sites.

Web Design Group: Design Elements This section contains style, image, document type, and color guidelines for accessible web sites.

Web Design Inspiration Screen-shots and links to some examples of web design.

Web Page Design Flaws What to avoid, how to fix them, and links to other sites with constructive criticism.

WEBalley Provides HTML tutorials, web design articles, free templates, tools and webmaster resources.

Why are Most Web Pages Organized in Similar Ways? Why is the layout of so many web pages so similar? This is not by chance. There are simple logical explanations for why most web pages are formatted the way they are.

World's Worst Website Designed to graphically demonstrate common mistakes of web designers. Offers suggestions and links to examples of good and bad web page design.

Web Usability

100 Things to Do to Make a Better Site List of several (actually, eight) ways to make a more user-friendly site. Also has other reader comments on the same topic.

Adobe - Flash : Usability Usability tips, examples, test case, quotes, related articles and a Flash forum for site developers.

AgeLight Institute Guidelines written for webmasters, communicators and marketers to assist with website design for maximum usability for seniors and older internet users.

Alertbox Jakob Nielsen's bi-weekly column on current issues in Web usability, focusing on simple and minimalist design based on real user needs.

alt tags - Muddling Through Web site designers should think hard about how to keep users from muddling around on their sites. "Users muddle when it isn’t clear what they are supposed to do in any given situation."

AnyBrowser.com Web page viewer presents a site as it might be seen by visitors with different browsers.

Art and the Zen of Web Sites Suggestions and guidelines for putting together a usable and attractive web site.

Croc O' Lyle Weblog by a practicing User Experience Architect. Usually about usability, design information architecture and e-business.

eShopability Provides design and usability information and advice on how to convert browsers into buyers and keep them, analysis and trends. Free fortnightly newsletter.

Fifth Conference on the Human Factors and the Web A forum for sharing information among a community of human factors engineers, designers, and developers who are interested in producing web sites that are more useful and usable. Site contains proceedings of the most recent (3/Jun/1999) conference and archives of all previous conferences.

A Heuristic Evaluation of a World Wide Web Prototype Experiment by the Bureau of Labor Statistics(BLS)finding a large number of usability problems that were identified and suggestions for correction.

Hot Text: Web Writing That Works Articles from trainer-writer team Jonathan and Lisa Price. Ideas and services for web writers, editors, and content managers.

HTML Authoring Tools Provides free services to assist web authors who wish to make their information available to the largest audience.

IBM DeveloperWorks: Web Architecture Offering tools needed to understand usability and accessibility issues. Includes materials that can help you create user-centered applications and gain insight into accessibility challenges.

Internet Brothers: Helpware for the Cybercommunity Expanding web community by offering free tips and tutorials about HTML and DHTML, graphics editing, site promotion, digital photography, and desktop publishing. Presented often with a touch of humor, and always with examples.

Java Software Human Interface Essential information about human interface design and usability for applications and applets written in the Java programming language.

Jeffrey Veen: The Usability of Subscribing to Feeds RSS feeds are surprisingly difficult for the average user to use.

Klariti Guide to Usability and Information Architecture Directory contains over 500 links, mainly to scholarly articles.

Lynx Friendly The key to being Lynx Friendly is to be consciously aware of the HTML which goes into creating a web page and to ensure that those using a non-graphical browser are not ignored.

Morville, Peter: Building a Synonymous Search Index Help users find the documents they're looking for by incorporating a 'thesaurus-like' hierarchy for your site.

Morville, Peter: Virtual Documents: The Challenges of Chunking Advice for determining a level of granularity in breaking up documents for online viewing.

Nielsen Norman Group Jakob Nielsen shares his thoughts on usability.

Norman, Don: Human Centred Design Don Norman discusses the approach to usability when building his own website. This includes links to related content by Jakob Nielsen.

Opquast A list of best practices intended to improve the quality of on-line services.

Principia Hypertextica: Introduction A mathematics educator's view of web design. Encourages speed, accessibility, validity, and navigability. Discusses difficulties of math typesetting on the web.

Rosenfeld, Lou: Is Less Really More? When it comes to the usability factor of tables of contents, is less really more?

Rosenfeld, Lou: Yahoo! is Dead. Long Live Yahoo! Discussion on the inevitable collapse of Yahoo directory due to its size and complexity. He Predicts mini-yahoo sites within corporate intranets.

The Scent of Information The reason why so many people lose their way on the Web, according to usability expert Jared Spool, is because they lose the scent of the information they are looking for. Jared shares his thoughts and perspectives on the Web, usability, and the user's quest for information.

Schroeder, Will: Testing Web Sites with Eye-Tracking Describes an experiment carried out to monitor the eye movements of visitors to a prototype web site.

Scottberkun.com Expert columns on web usability, interaction and web design.

ShoreWalker Covers every area of site design as well as what not to do. Steers the user away from hype and towards more practical, user-friendly Web design. Based in Australia.

Something 4 Nothing Web Pages Tips for building pages which are visually pleasing, and yet still download quickly and make information easy to access. From Webdeveloper.com.

Spool, Jared: Hard Evidence from Research Spool uncovers the lessons his research has taught him about how best to design a site so that users don't end up thwarted

Spool, Jared: Web Graphic Design Is Not What You Think, A Usability Perspective "The number one activity on the Web is information retrieval." In part of his tutorial, Spool explained his findings on graphic design and users' success.

Starling Access Services Interesting definition of Accessible Web Design. For use by "anyone, any web browsing technology and any site".

Theory A weekly column by Adam Baker that discusses web usability, interface, and interaction design. Includes previous columns for review.

Tognazzini, Bruce: First Principles Bruce Tognazzini discusses basic prinicples of usability for both traditional applications and web services.

Top Ten Web Design Mistakes of 2003 (Jakob Nielsen's Alertbox) Sites are getting better at using minimalist design, maintaining archives, and offering services. However, these advances entail their own usability problems, as several prominent mistakes from 2003 show.

Universal Usability Includes an online version of the book "Access by Design: A Guide to Universal Usability for Web Designers" by Sarah Horton, along with links to other useful resources.

Usability First Diamond Bullet Design offers their experience and knowledge on website and software usability.

Usability Professionals' Association The UPA's purpose is to promote usability concepts and techniques worldwide.

Usability.gov Provided by the National Cancer Institute. Includes information and resources on making web sites and other user interfaces more useful, usable, and accessible. News and current publications and additional links are provided.

Usable Web Collection of links and accompanying information about human factors, user interface issues, and usable design specific to the World Wide Web.

Usefo.com Web design resources, Usableword newsletter, and web usability guidelines to make web sites faster, more educational, and usable.

Vaspers the Grate Insights into web writing, user-focused web design, and web credibility enhancement.

Vaspers the Grate: Web Credibility Destroyers List of design issues that pollute an overall impression of trustworthiness and dependability.

Web Development A summary of the complete life cycle of web development: planning, analysis, design, implementation, and promotion. Key practices and online resources are given for each process. By John December, author of numerous material for web development methodology.

Web Pages That Suck Learn good web page design by looking at bad web pages.

Web Usability Findings Compilation of surveys of web usability engineering and test results.

CNET.com - Study: Design lacking in e-tail sites The design of some of the leading online stores is mediocre at best, but, according to a new study, it is improving. (June 03, 2002)


Web Accessibility Initiative  Guidelines and resources from the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).

Accessible eLearning For All The ALFA Project is being developed to allow educational content providers to create eLearning on any subject and in any language.

Accessible Webpage Design: Resources Site created to promote awareness about the need for accessible web design and to steer those who wish to learn more about the topic into the right direction.

Accessify.com Tools, links and resources on Website accessibility.

Americans With Disabilities Act Information The US Dept. of Justice's resource page for the ADA. Voluminous, and not limited to computer and Internet issues, but at least it should be fairly authoritative, if you're willing to wade through the material.

AnitraPavka.com Personal weblog with views on accessibility issues, news, and accessibility events.

Business Benefits of Accessible Web Design Describes the many business and technical benefits that are realised by applying the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) to Web applications.

Google Groups: Accessible Forum for users of Google's accessibility services to share tips on what works well and what could be made better.

Joeclark.org Accessibility information and Weblogs from the writer Joe Clark

Library Hi Tech Volume 20, Issue 2 Special issue: Accessibility of web-based information resources for people with disabilities. Read abstracts online; pay for access to full articles.

Microsoft - Accessibility Information about Microsoft accessibility products and services.

Philippine Web Accessibility Group (PWAG) A non-profit association of web designers and advocates of web accessibility based in the Philippines. Membership information, resources, and frequently asked questions.

RNIB Web Access Centre A free online resource centre to help designers and managers create accessible web sites. Also links to consultancy services.

Searchenginewatch - Don't Disable Your Site for Handicapped Users Article by Matt Bailey. Designers of web sites that are not accessible to disabled users are overlooking a market segment of millions of searchers and potential buyers.

Self Direction Community Project Providing online disability awareness training.

SightWeaver SightWeaver is a tool for repairing HTML tables, to make them more accessible.

Standards-schmandards Weblog about web standards, accessibility and usability.

UI Access Resource for universal interface design and accessibility that provides techniques to support developing and implementing strategies.

Usability First - Accessibility Includes background information on Accessibility and lists computer related accessibility aids according to types of disability.

UsableAccess.com Web accessibility and usability resources including articles, news, discussion, and research. Focuses on both theory and practice of user-centered design.

Viewable With Any Browser Campaign for a Non-Browser Specific WWW. Resources, more information and links about this effort.

Web Accessibility Survey Some data collected on the accessibility of college and university web pages.

Web Credible: Accessibility Resources Offers tips, tricks, tutorials, links and information about Web accessibility, including UK legal requirements.

WebAIM - Web Accessibility in Mind Information, training, resources, guidelines and standards for Web accessibility and disability access to the Web.

Wikipedia: Web Accessibility Encyclopedia article about the topic, including discussion of benefits, technology, guidelines, and legal provisions.

WCAG 2.0: Woeful to Wonderful in One Easy Draft? Accessites.org article by Jack Pickard, providing a review of the latest changes to the working draft. (May 25, 2007)

hAccessibility Article by Bruce Lawson and James Craig, raising accessibility issues with the use of some microformats, and specifically the abbr design pattern.(April 27, 2007)


Suggestions for Further Reading

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