Sanskrit - Beset Selected Websites

Sanskri Manuscript Page

Portions of a Sanskrit Manuscript page including a painting of Maitreya Bodhisattva

Compiled by Jayaram V

Following are some of the current resources available oin the internet which we found to be useful for the purpose of further studies on the origin and development of Sanskrit and its early connection with other Indo European Languages.

Proto Indo European Languages. Demonstration and Exploration website. :Here's something similar about all these numbers-but what could explain the resemblance, in such geographically distant languages? Is it just coincidence? Something in our genes? Something we got from aliens? Or is it possible that all these languages came from the same source?

Numerals and Numbers' History and Curiosity: The European number nouns (most of them) take their origin from the Indo-European language. Although various numeration systems existed (duodecimal, vigesimal and sexagesimal numerations), the decimal system survived all of them.

DISCOVERY OF DRAVIDIAN AS THE COMMON SOURCE OF INDO-EUROPEAN This article tries to establish that probably the parent language of Sanskrit, Latin and Greek was a Dravidian language.

The Sanskrit Heritage Site: This site offers a number of linguistic services for the Sanskrit language, such as a Sanskrit Reader that parses Sanskrit transliterated text into Sanskrit banks of tagged hypertext. Various phonological and morphological tools are also provided.

A New Computational Schema for Euphonic Conjunctions in Sanskrit Processing: This work presents a fresh new approach to processing sandhis in terms of a computational schema. This new computational model is based on Pāṇini’s complex codification of the rules of grammar. The model has simple beginnings and is yet powerful, comprehensive and computationally lean.

The Importance of Sanskrit to Hinduism: Hinduism and Sanskrit are inseparably related. The roots of much of Hinduism can be traced to the dawn of Vedic civilization. From its inception, Vedic thought has mainly been expressed through the medium of the Sanskrit language. Sanskrit, therefore, forms the basis of Hindu civilization.

Sanskrit Dictionary For Spoken Sanskrit: This is VERSION 4.2 of a hypertext Sanskrit dictionary English - Sanskrit and Sanskrit - English for spoken Sanskrit. Which means that it is designed to contain the mostly used common words necessary for daily communication. This is an interactive dictionary where you can add words.

Sanskrit alphabet, pronunciation and language: Sanskrit is the classical language of Indian and the liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. It is also one of the 22 official languages of India. The name Sanskrit means "refined", "consecrated" and "sanctified". It has always been regarded as the 'high' language and used mainly for religious and scientific discourse.

Sanskrit Pronunciation and Diacritic Guide: This article attempts to provide a simple way to transliterate and pronounce Sanskrit words, with certain limitations, based on the system used by Encyclopedia Britannica.

Classical Languages, Earliest Civilizations, the Steppe, Vedas, and the Upanishads: Geographic distribution, history and information about the Languages with more than 30,000,000 Speakers as of 2005, classified by Civilization. Of the 40 languages listed below, no less than 18 are spoken in India (including Pakistan and Bangladesh) or China. Of the remaining 22 languages, 9 are European in origin, 3 were in the ancient cultural sphere of influence of China (Japanese, Korean, & Vietnamese)...

Proto Indo European Language Demonstration and Exploration website: This website provides a brief history and basic information about Sanskrit and related Indo European languages with some useful links

Grimm's Law: Several main processes occurred to separate the Germanic language family from the rest of the Indo-European languages. The most famous of these is undoubtedly the set of sound-changes known collectively as "Grimm’s law", after the famous German linguist (and, along with his brother Wilhelm, folk-tale collector and editor) Jacob Grimm. Another major process, the freezing of Germanic word-stress onto the first root-syllable of a word, probably had equally extensive effects,. Alternate Links: Grimm's Law, PDF link, and Grimm's Law Germanic Consonant Shift.

Indo-European Languages: Indo-European Languages: Evolution and Locale Maps. This page sketches the evolution of the Indo-European language families to modern times. Tables illustrate the evolutionary sequences of ancient to modern Indo-European languages, with approximate dates. Links to maps show the homeland areas of each Indo-European language family. Links are provided to Indo-European language lessons with texts.

The Indo-European Language Family Tree: The chart below shows the relations among some of the languages in the Indo-European family. Though you wouldn't think to look at the tangle of lines and arrows, the chart is very much simplified: many languages and even whole language families are left out. Use it, therefore, with caution. The coverage is most thorough, but still far from complete, in the Germanic branch, which includes English.

Origin of Indo European Languages: The late Glacial record of vegetation and climate suggests that major changes in hunter-gatherer population density might have occurred across Europe and Asia as a result of extreme climate fluctuations. We hypothesise that a reduction in population density across most of the region during the coldest part of the Younger Dryas (around 12,800-11,400 cal. y.a.) may have been followed by a sudden rebound phase, when climate switched back to warm, moist Holocene conditions over only a few decades.

The English Word Origins: An experimental on-line textbook in three parts. Part one - Words from Latin Nouns and Adjectives. Part two- Words from Latin Verbs and Part three- Words from Greek.

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